The PEN Principles

The PEN Principles are a set of educational resources which were created to provide information and spark conversations.  The PEN in PEN Principles stands for Psychology, Education and Neuroscience.  This name is reflective of the creators of this resource, a team of psychologists, education researchers, and neuroscientists working at the Science of Learning Research Centre.  This centre was established in 2013 as an Australian Research Council Special Research Initiative and it seeks to translate learning sciences into educational practice.

On this page you will find videos describing 12 PEN principles and their applications in the classroom. 

For more information, visit the Science of Learning Research Centre Website.

PEN #1
Written text and spoken word don’t mix
Play Video
Pen #2
Visual Images and Spoken Word Mix Well
Play Video
Pen #3
Spatial Predictability Guides Attention
Play Video
PEN #4
Spacing-Out Practice Enhances Memory
Play Video
Pen #5
Leverage Context According to Outcome
Play Video
Pen #6
Multitasking Impairs Memory & Learning
Play Video
PEN #7
Mix-Up Practice Tasks to Boost Performance
Play Video
Pen #8
Embrace Error to Improve Learning
Play Video
Pen #9
Active Recall Trumps Passive Review
Play Video
PEN #10
First Impressions Colour Future Judgement
Play Video
Pen #11
Find the Story Behind the Fact
Play Video
Pen #12
Pre-Activate Strategies to guide Learning
Play Video