The Science of Learning Hub


Improving Feedback Practices

The Science of Learning HUB

What Does Feedback Look Like?

Receiving good, actionable feedback is an integral part of learning.  But how can we provide the right kind of feedback?

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The Big 7 of Effective Feedback

  1. Ensure students understand the criteria for success
  2. Lead the learner towards the answer, through use of cues and prompts
  3. Give information about how understanding has progressed
  4. User learner friendly language
  5. Be presented in a range of modes
  6. Set learning goals with the right amount of challenge
  7. Not threaten student sense of self

A Toolkit for Classrooms

The following resources represent a range of modern approaches for providing effective feedback in the classroom.

Resource #1: AITSL Video on Effective Feedback

This video, produced by AITSL, describes what effective feedback is.  Topics covered include:

  • The stages involved in providing effective feedback
  • The sources of feedback (Teacher, Peers, Student)
  • Evidence based models for feedback
  • How to develop feedback practices
Resource #2: AITSL Case Studies

AITSL provides an extensive set of resources on improving Feedback Practices in the classroom.  These can be found at ( This resources includes:

  • Video  and written case studies documenting how schools across Australia improved their feedback practices.
  • Resources to support you in the implementation of effective feedback in your classroom.
Resource #3: Praise Question Suggestion Protocol - a Peer Feedback Protocol


This video describes how the Peer Question Suggestion Protocol was implemented in a New York school.  This protocol supports students in giving and receiving feedback to their peers.  It supports collaborative skills and teaches students to articulate their thinking to other students in effective ways.

Resource #4: Critique and Feedback: The Story of Austin's Butterfly

Teaching students how to provide and receive feedback in a constructive and positive manner, an example from the Presumpscot Elementary School in Portland, Maine, USA.

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The Science of Learning Partnership Schools Initiative connects research and practice, to enhance educational outcomes in Victorian Schools.

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